Instruction

This page provides the basic resources to get you started on planning your instruction.

Learning Domains

It is generally accepted that there are three broad learning domains (Pattison & Day, 2006). While no learning happens exclusively in one domain, it is important to know which domain your learning outcome(s) are focused in. This will help you shape your instructional strategies.
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Bloom's Taxonomy

Benjamin Bloom (1956) created a taxonomy for the cognitive domain of learning. While revisions have been made over the years, the main principles remain the same. A strong understanding of the levels will help you make decisions when writing outcomes and assessing student learning.
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Writing Outcomes

Outcomes, or learning goals, are the backbone of any lesson, course and program. Before you plan your lesson, you need to ask yourself, “What do I need my students to be able to do by the end of this lesson?” The answer to this question will guide you in writing the outcome(s).
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Scaffolding Outcomes

Scaffolding learning is a term that is often used in education, but it is not always clear what it means.
Scaffolding: a temporary structure on the outside of a building for workers to perform tasks above the ground.
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Preparing a Lesson Plan

Planning a lesson requires a lot more work than you may initially think as a new instructor, especially at the college level. Although you'’'re an expert in your field, planning and synthesizing all the material and course of action for your class commands a lot of organization, integration, and the ability to view...
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Instructional Strategies

This page will provide you with a quick list of different learning strategies, which is by no means exhaustive, but will supply you with strategies that will help your students become active participants in the learning process.
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Buzz Groups

For the buzz group activity, learners are broken up into to small groups and presented with a problem or topic. In order to arrive at a resolution, they learners might discuss, brainstorm or research the issue at hand. In order to disseminate information and ideas...
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Brainstorming

Brainstorming is a technique that allows the group to produce multiple solutions or ideas to a problem or topic. This activity includes many benefits and roles within the process, especially those of cooperation and leadership.
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Case Study

The case study instructional strategy allows learners to apply analysis, knowledge, and problem-solving skills to real-life scenarios. Learners are provided with an actual problem or dilemma and must critically untangle the issue to arrive at a solution. This may be conducted individually or as a part of a group.
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Demonstration and Practice

During demonstration and practice, the instructor exhibits a skill to the learners whereby the learners are provided with time to practice it. This is usually done with a skill the learners must be able to complete by the end of the course or module as per the course outcomes.
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Group Discussion

An effective way to open a unit or topic is to introduce a topic or problem to the class and allow the learner’s to flesh out the details with through a cooperative and collaborative discussion.
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Lecture as an Instructional Strategy

Lecture is an instructional strategy that allows the instructor to transmit information to a large group. Lecture is often the method college instructors use most because it is an efficient way to get across a large amount of information.
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